• Name Xi'úi

    Pames called themselves Xi UI ( or its local variants ) meaning "indigenous" ; This term is used to refer to all non -mestizo offspring; Therefore, strictly speaking, Pame and

    xi'úi words are not native . Only when speaking in Spanish they use the word Pame name themselves; however, in the region that word is loaded with a pejorative meaning, that is why they try to avoid it.

  • Localizationn

    Within the state of San Luis Potosi the xi'úi area comprises five municipalities: City ofMaize (where five communities exist, Villa de San José is the most notable, it is the county that is the urban area with the head municipality) ; Alaquines ( here are the ten

    major communities xi'úi , highlighting the indigenous Cologne) ; Rayon with seven and Santa Catarina , with 20 .

     

    And finally in San Luis Potosi, in the municipality of Tamasopo , which has 25 main communities in Ejido la Palma ( Agua Pueraca , La Manzanilla, Sabinito Quemado ,

     

    Las Guapas , etc. ) it is in this area where we work , in ejido La Palma, the largest  in Mexico )

     

     In the state of Queretaro xi'úi there are three communities that are located in a small  part of the municipality of Jalpan de Serra.

  • Dialect

    Pame , or more properly the Pame languages ​​is a group of indigenous languages ​​spoken in north-central Mexico by Pames ethnicities. Pame language community reaches 10,000 individuals, and they mainly live in the state of San Luis Potosi, although some speakers live in the state of

     

    Hidalgo. Along with the Otomi language, Matlatzinca , Mazahua and Ocuilteco , the Pame makes the Otopameano group of the Otopamean language family .

     

    Ethnologue distinguishes two varieties of this language: the central Pame, 2 Spoken in Santa Maria Acapulco ; and Northern Pame, 3 spoken in some communities to the north of Green River (San Luis Potosi ), near the border with Tamaulipas.

     

     Pame is a tonal language that distinguishes medium and high tones as well as high-low ton .

     

    For example the numbers are said :

    1. sɑnte
    2. nuyi
    3. rnuʔ
    4. giriui
    5. gičʔɑi
    6. teriɑ
    7. teriuhiñ
    8. tenhiuñ
    9. kɑrɑ 8 + 1
    10. kɑrɑ 8 + 2
  • Infrastructure

          La carencia de agua, tanto potable como para la producción agrícola, es uno de los problemas más agudos de la mayor parte de la región. Casi los únicos puntos que cuentan con agua potable entubada son los conurbados a las cabeceras municipales; en los demás sitios se hace uso de pozos, jagüeyes, ojos de agua y arroyos.

     

         La electricidad abarca sólo en un 20% de las comunidades xi'úi; menos desfavorecidas son aquellas conurbadas o próximas a las cabeceras municipales.

     

    La mayoria de sus casas estan hechas de palos, palma o rama, son pequeñas chosas de aproximadamente  4 x 8 metros. Dentro de las cuales viven familias enteras de 5 o mas personas, sin  paredes  interiores  o privacidad lo cual crea otro tipo de problematica social de indole sexual. Asi mismo los no cuentan con drenaje, el uso de pozos septicos es lo mas comun,

  • Historical Background

    The pames got involved in the Chichimeca War. At the beginning of the conflict they were described as the most peaceful of all "nations" known under the generic name chichimecas.

     

    1. They dwell in the cities of Acambaro Orirapúndaro, Ucareo, Tulimán, San Pedro, Parrón, Sinquía, Sichuan, Izmiquilpan and Meztitlán. They shared territory to the west with guachichiles and guamares as well as the Otomi in Jilotepec and Purepecha in Michoacan.

     

     In the 1570s, their activities were more hostile, because Spaniards kidnappings and murders were reported. They were basically nomads, religious culture was similar to that of the Otomi; therefore, they were considered more advanced than guamares, guachichiles and zacatecos.

     

    2 Present

    The people of the region xi'úi, were, during the nineteenth century, immersed in an intense process of integration of the rising economic and social system. This encouraged their participation in the struggle that gave birth, as well as the revolt of the Regenerator Army Sierra Gorda, in the mid century and whose center was in Rioverde.

     

    In the twentieth century, and in the context of revolutionary struggle originated in 1910, the region Pame was distinguished by the armed actions of the mestizo brothers Saturnino, Magdaleno and Cleofas Cedillo, from the municipality of Ciudad del Maiz, and the great armed movements that people in the region staged. The immediate consequence was the

    abandonment of many towns and villages occupied by indigenous, along with a great slaughter among them.

     

     Xi'úi participation within the revolutionary movement was soon recognized finding positive their demands for allocation land or communal land refunds response. They managed to become the suburbs of La Palma (1916), the Olla Peach (1920), Santa María Acapulco (1922) and Gamotes (1923).

  • Present

    Currently there are 20,000 pames living in the middle of San Luis Potosi, inaddition to about 600 found in the northern state of Queretaro. Live off agriculture subsistence.3

     

    In San Luis Potosi the Pames mainly inhabited the ancient city of San Francisco de la Palma, from which the present municipalities of Santa Catarina Tamasopo became independent, and to date are really the only ones inhabiting pure Pame , in other municipalities as potosinos Ciudad del

    Maiz , Cardenas , Rayon and Lagunillas and mixed with mestizos , perhaps one or two remain in the municipality of Alaquines . His name is xi'ói, but pronounced Shihui. Until 2005 there were approximately 10,000 pames, age 15 who speak their language alone, according to INEGI.